Childhood cancers



Most cancers (99%) develop in adults, most commonly in older adults. Therefore, cancer is infrequent in children. Nearly one out of every six adults will suffer from cancer throughout his life, whereas one in 300 boys and one in 333 girls will develop the illness before their twenties. Nevertheless, and owing to the profound impact of childhood cancer, a lot of research is being carried out to find out new therapies for pediatric cancer. Childhood cancers may behave very differently from adult cancers, even when they start in the same part of the body.

Most children and teenagers diagnosed with cancer can be treated successfully. Since 1969, the number of deaths from childhood cancer has decreased steadily by 66%. However, cancer remains the second leading cause of death in children 0 to 14 years of age after accidents. The 5-year survival rate for childhood cancer is about 83%, compared to 58% in the mid-1970s.


In general, cancer in children is uncommon, so it can be hard for doctors to determine the best treatment unless they know what has been most effective in other children. That’s why more than 60% of children younger than 15 years of age with cancer are treated as part of a clinical trial.